Monkeypox Symptoms Explained As CDC Monitors Over 200 People for Disease in U.S.
After a case of monkeypox was verified in July, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is monitoring more than 200 people across the country for the disease.
On July 16, the CDC said the patient, a U.S. resident, was hospitalized with the virus in Dallas after having recently returned to the country from Nigeria. The health agency said it was working with Texas state officials as well as the airline the patient flew with to get in touch with passengers who potentially could have caught it.
The CDC’s poxvirus epidemiology team at the National Center for Emerging and Zootonic Infectious Diseases is monitoring “a lot of people.” according to Andrea McCollum, who told medical news site Stat News that over 200 people in 27 states are being assessed.
Monkeypox is a rare viral disease caused by infection with the monkeypox virus. It was first discovered in 1958 in groups of research monkeys, and the first human case was reported in 1970 in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Monkeypox has only been documented in four nations outside of Africa: the United States, the United Kingdom, Israel, and Singapore.
The disease has symptoms that are comparable to smallpox but are less severe. Fever, headache, muscle discomfort, and tiredness are common symptoms of the condition. Smallpox does not cause enlarged lymph nodes, but chickenpox does.
The patient will acquire a rash a few days after acquiring a fever, which usually starts on the face and spreads from there.
The rash is made up of skin marks called macules, which are a flat, discolored region of skin less than a centimeter broad.
These macules then rise to the surface and fill with fluid. They eventually transform into pustules, which are pus-filled lumps on the skin. They eventually turn into scabs and fall off.
According to the CDC, monkeypox can kill up to one out of every ten persons who contract it. The illness usually lasts two to four weeks.
People tend to show symptoms between seven and 14 days after they are infected.
Monkeypox may be spread in several ways. One way is when the virus enters the body through broken skin. Other ways people can become infected is by breathing in the virus or by getting it into their eyes, nose or mouth. It can be transmitted from animals to humans as well as from humans to other humans.
There is currently no proven, safe treatment for the disease.
The CDC states that people can protect themselves from infection by avoiding contact with infected animals and people, avoiding materials that have come in contact with those animals or people, and washing their hands with soap or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer and wearing PPE after contact with infected animals or people.
The CDC also states that a smallpox vaccine, as well as antivirals and vaccinia immunoglobulin, can be used to control an outbreak in the United States.