As votes continue to roll in for the 2020 presidential election, learn how close states, including Wisconsin, Arizona, Nevada, Michigan, Pennsylvania, North Carolina and Georgia, would handle a recount.
Forty-three states and the District of Columbia allow an unsuccessful candidate to request a recount. However, each state has its own rules for recounting, according to the National Conference of State Legislatures.
Citizens for Election Integrity Minnesota promotes transparency by allowing the presence of candidates, but the accuracy of the ballot in question should be verified by a group of people authorized by the state.
According to CEIMN, challengers, who are representatives of the candidate, political parties or other groups with electoral issues, should have the opportunity to view a ballot, but should never be allowed to edit it. The CEIMN argues that this practice would allow the challenger to verify the accuracy of the count. However, according to CEIMN, each challenged ballot should then be verified by an authorized body of the state.
In the case of narrow victories in states such as Wisconsin, Arizona, Nevada, Michigan, Pennsylvania, North Carolina, and Georgia, they would proceed as follows in a possible recount.
President Donald Trump has already called for a recount in Wisconsin after the state went to its Democratic rival Joe Biden.
Wisconsin allows a candidate to request a recount if he lags behind the leading candidate by a certain margin.
In elections, such as the 2020 presidential election, in which more than 4,000 votes were cast, a candidate may request a recount if, under Wisconsin law, he is not more than one percent behind in the total number of votes cast.
For presidential elections, the deadline for requesting a recount is no later than 5:00 p.m. on the first business day after the final vote count. For all other elections, the deadline for requesting a recount shall expire no later than 5 p.m. on the third business day after the vote count.
In Wisconsin, the recount must be completed within 13 days of the request for recount.
The candidate requesting the recount will be responsible for the cost of the recount unless the recount changes the outcome of the election, in which case the applicant will be reimbursed for the cost of the recount.
A recount cannot be requested by any candidate or voter in Arizona.
Arizona law requires automatic recounts in a primary or general election if the votes between the two leading candidates are within certain limits. A recount outside of these ranges can only be made by court order.
The automatic recount is paid by the district or city, depending on the race, and there is no set time limit for completion of an automatic recount.
In Nevada, any candidate who is defeated in an election may request a recount.
However, there is a time limit for requesting a recount. The candidate must request a recount no later than three business days after the final vote count. The recount must begin within five days of the request and be completed no later than five days after the recount begins.
The candidate requesting the recount shall be responsible for the costs unless the recount changes the result of the election in his or her favor, in which case the recount costs shall be reimbursed to the requesting party.
Michigan allows candidates and in some cases leaders of local political parties to request a recount.
Candidates may request a recount only if they meet all state requirements. The first is that the candidate must have run for a certain type of office, including the office of president and vice president.
The recount must be requested within 48 hours of the final count of votes and must be completed within 30 days.
The state also requires an automatic recount if the difference between the winning and losing candidate is less than or equal to 2,000 votes.
Pennsylvania has both an application and an automated recount process.
Candidates may request a recount regardless of the margin between them and the winning candidate. The request must be made within five days of the election.
Pennsylvania also requires an automatic recount if the national winning margin of a candidate is less than