How the racial landscape of the American electorate has changed over the years.


“American” is not synonymous with “white”.

Statistics show that the country’s voting population is becoming increasingly diverse. Asian Americans are the fastest growing racial group in the U.S. electorate; about 2 million Indian Americans, the second largest immigrant group in the United States, are eligible voters; and the Hispanic electorate grew by 39% between 2000 and 2018.

In taking stock of those in power, however, elected officials do not racially reflect the communities they represent. An analysis in the New York Times found that 20 percent of the most powerful leaders, elected officials and gatekeepers in the United States identify themselves as black, indigenous or colored. Today, 40 percent of Americans identify themselves as part of one of these communities.

Looking only at government officials, the New York Times study shows that of the 24 people who are at the top of the Trump administration, only three are Asian, black or Hispanic. Two of the current nine Supreme Court judges are black or Hispanic. While the current territorial governor and mayor of Washington D.C. is black, only three of the 50 state governors are Asian, Hispanic or Native Americans-there are no current black state governors.

Yet many cities across the country are becoming more diverse. For example, Colorado Springs, Colorado, was 10.3% more diverse in 2018 than in 2010, Henderson, Nevada, was 11.5% more diverse, and Detroit was 21% more diverse. As the population becomes more diverse, voters are also becoming more diverse. And these communities are taking control of their vote to represent votes that were disenfranchised in previous elections.

Stacker has compiled voter population statistics for 2000, 2010 and 2018 based on the Pew Research Center’s report on “The Changing Racial and Ethnic Composition of the U.S. Electorate” and the U.S. Census Bureau. However, the census data do not fully represent all communities living in the United States due to a lack of awareness and resources for a diversified demographics.

The statistics released on September 23 are listed for all states and Washington, D.C., and are broken down into four of the most important individual demographic races. Eligible voters refer to U.S. citizens over the age of 18, regardless of whether they voted or not.

Pew’s research shows that between 2000 and 2018, more than 10 million immigrants became eligible to vote. California, New York, Florida and Texas have the largest percentage of naturalized citizens as voters. Together, these four states account for 56% of the national electorate of eligible immigrants.

Below are country-specific insights into how demographic trends have shaped a more diverse electorate for this year’s presidential election.

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– 2018 eligible population in Alabama: 3.71 million

White voter population:
– 2018: 2.55 million (69% of the eligible voter population)
– 2010: 2.52 million (71% of the voter population)
– 2000: 2.40 million (73% of the voter population)

Hispanic electoral population:
– 2018: 80,000 (2% of the voter population)
– 2010: 45,000 (1% of the voter population)
– 2000: 28,000 (1% of the voter population)

Black voter population:
– 2018: 978,000 (26% of the eligible voter population)
– 2010: 907,000 (26% of the voter population)
– 2000: 786,000 (24% of the voter population)

Asian eligible voter population:
– 2018: 32,000 (1% of the voter population)
– 2010: 20,000 (1% of the voter population)
– 2000: 13,000 (0% of the voter population)

People are moving away from Alabama, but the state’s population is not shrinking, according to In fact, according to census data, more than 5,000 people immigrated to Jefferson County, the largest county in Alabama, from outside the United States between 2010 and 2018. While these numbers are not representative of eligible voters, they represent a growing pool of potential naturalized citizens. The Pew Research analysis of the American Community Survey 2018 found that Alabama has more than 62,000 immigrant voters eligible to vote.


– 2018 eligible population in Alaska: 535,000

White voter population:
– 2018: 351,000 (66% of the voter population)
– 2010: 354,000 (70% of the voter population)
– 2000: 307,000 (73% of the voter population)

Hispanic electoral population:
– 2018: 33,000 (6% of the voter population)
– 2010: 21,000 (4% of the voter population)
– 2000: 13,000 (3% of the voter population)


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