Donald Trump could become the first U.S. president this week who has not won re-election in almost three decades, according to national opinion polls.
Should Democratic challenger Joe Biden, former vice president under Barack Obama, win on November 3, he will be the 46th person to hold the highest political office in the country.
Such a result would also be the first time an incumbent president has not won a second four-year term since George H.W. Bush was defeated by Democrat Bill Clinton in the 1992 elections.
In fact, in the last 100 years, only four White House residents have hesitated to run for re-election.
George H.W. Bush
The last president who failed to win re-election was Republican George H.W. Bush, who lost to his Democratic rival Bill Clinton in 1992.
Clinton, the former governor of Arkansas, won 43 percent of the electoral vote and was represented in the electoral college in all regions of the country with 370 votes. Bush, on the other hand, received only 37.3 percent of the popular vote and 168 votes from the electoral college.
But after eight years of Clinton as president, the White House was again occupied by a member of the Bush family in 2000, when George H.W.’s son and fellow Republican George W. Bush won the office against Democratic candidate Al Gore.
George W. Bush was to serve two more full terms before being replaced by Democratic President Barack Obama in 2008.
Democrat Jimmy Carter faltered in his 1980 reelection bid and lost to his Republican rival Ronald Reagan.
Carter’s defeat was the first time in U.S. history that two presidents in a row had failed to win a second consecutive term. Carter had defeated his predecessor, Republican Gerald Ford, in an election held four years earlier.
Gerald Ford, who assumed the presidency after his Republican counterpart Richard Nixon resigned in the wake of the Watergate scandal, lost to Jimmy Carter in a poll in 1976. Ford’s unique path to office and his defeat in the poll meant he never really won an election.
The Republican Herbert Hoover served only one term as president and occupied the White House from 1928 onward, before opposing Democratic challenger Franklin D in the 1932 elections. Roosevelt in the 1932 elections.
Hoover’s term was overshadowed by the devastating Wall Street Crash of 1929, which triggered the beginning of the Great Depression, a prolonged economic downturn that had serious consequences both in the United States and overseas.
William Howard Taft
Two decades before Hoover’s failed re-election bid, his fellow Republican William Howard Taft also faltered in his push for a second term.
Taft, the only one to hold the office of president and chief justice of the United States, was defeated in a 1912 election by Democratic candidate Woodrow Wilson, four years after winning a White House race against William Jennings Bryan.
Democrat Grover Cleveland failed to win re-election in 1888, despite winning the bulk of the electoral vote, and he lost to the Republic of Benjamin Harrison. But Cleveland was not deterred after four years in the White House and returned to defeat his successor in an election in 1892.
The Republican Benjamin Harrison won the presidency in 1888 in an election and expelled the incumbent Democrat Grover Cleveland to the White House. After four years in office, the couple’s fortunes turned around and Cleveland won the presidency back from his successor in an election in 1892.
Martin Van Buren
Martin Van Buren, a founder of the Democratic Party, failed to be re-elected in 1840 after a four-year term in the White House.
He was defeated by William Henry Harrison, an American military officer and politician. However, Harrison led for only 31 days before he died at the age of 68, becoming the first president to die in office and also the longest-serving in history.
John Quincy Adams
The sixth president, John Quincy Adams, failed in a re-election in 1828 in which Andrew Jackson was elected to the White House instead. At that time, Adams was only the second president to be voted out of office after one term. The other was his father, John Adams.
John Adams served as the second president in the history of the United States and was the first who could not win re-election. In 1800 he lost a poll that led to Thomas Jefferson’s re-election.