Azerbaijan and Armenia: Violations of the ceasefire in Nagorno-Karabakh.

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The ceasefire in the South Caucasus region of Nagorno-Karabakh is on shaky ground. Violations occurred after the new ceasefire came into force. According to official sources, Armenian soldiers are said to have fired on the village of Safiyan.

Shortly after a new ceasefire came into force in the conflict over the South Caucasus region of Nagorno-Karabakh, Armenia and Azerbaijan accused each other of violating the agreement. The Azerbaijani Ministry of Defence in Baku announced on Monday that its soldiers had been fired upon in the village of Safiyan. According to the Azerbaijani Foreign Ministry, the village of Terter and surrounding villages have also been bombed by Armenia.

On Sunday, after talks with the foreign ministers of both countries the day before, the USA had announced an agreement of the conflict parties on a “humanitarian cease-fire”. This cease-fire came into force on Monday at 08:00 local time (05:00 CET). Several ceasefires had already failed before.

This was intended to implement the agreements of October 10. In the past days, the fighting continued despite diplomatic efforts. The ceasefires agreed upon with Russian mediation had not been maintained. The enemy neighbors blame each other for the outbreak of the fighting.

The fighting over Nagorno-Karabakh has been going on since the end of September. Azerbaijan had lost control of the mountainous region with its approximately 145,000 inhabitants in a war that followed the collapse of the Soviet Union about 30 years ago. As a result, Armenia occupied the area and transferred troops there. A war with 30,000 dead followed in the 1990s.

The Nagorno-Karabakh region controlled by Armenia belongs to Azerbaijan under international law. A fragile ceasefire has been in effect since 1994. Armenia relies on Russia as a protective power. Moscow has thousands of soldiers and weapons stationed there. Azerbaijan, on the other hand, considers Turkey a close ally.

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