Only less than a third of Americans say they will definitely receive the COVID 19 vaccine when it is introduced.
Only 29 percent of respondents said they would receive the vaccine if a vaccine were available today, according to a recent study conducted by the Pew Research Center.
By contrast, 21 percent of adult Americans said they did not intend to be vaccinated and were “fairly certain” that more information would not change their mind.
Another 18 percent said they might decide to be vaccinated once others receive a vaccine and more information is available.
Overall, almost four out of ten respondents (39 percent) said they would definitely or probably not be vaccinated against the corona virus.
Of the 60 percent who expressed interest in vaccination, 31 percent said they would probably take the vaccine and 29 percent said they were sure.
This number has risen from 51 percent who said the same thing in September, reflecting growing public confidence in a safe and effective vaccine.
Despite the increasingly positive public sentiment, the majority of Americans still say they would be uncomfortable being among the first to take a vaccine, and a significant minority seem certain that they will forego the vaccination.
A significant minority seems certain that they will forego vaccination. 62 percent of the public express concerns, and only 37 percent say they would feel comfortable with the vaccination procedure.
About two-thirds of those who said they would “probably” be vaccinated still feel uncomfortable being among the first to be vaccinated.
The national study, conducted November 18-29 through a survey of 12,648 adults in the U.S., also sheds light on the complex and interrelated factors that determine the intention to receive a vaccine.
The most important factors influencing respondents’ likelihood of receiving a vaccine were personal concern about a case of COVID-19 that would require hospitalization, confidence in the vaccine development process, personal practices when it comes to other vaccines, and political inclinations.
Those who were most concerned about getting a serious case of coronavirus indicated that they were more likely to get a vaccine, while those who saw little personal need were very divided about whether they would be vaccinated.
A higher level of confidence that the research and development process will result in a safe and effective vaccine was associated with a higher level of vaccination intent.
Regular vaccinators who say they get an annual flu shot are also much more likely than those who rarely or never do so to say that they would get a vaccine if one were available.
There were also considerable differences in the willingness of the main demographic groups to be vaccinated.
According to the data, black Americans continue to be less likely to be vaccinated than other racial and ethnic groups: 42 percent would do so, compared with 63 percent of Hispanics and 61 percent of white adults. English-speaking Asian Americans are even more likely to say that 83 percent would definitely or probably be vaccinated.
Three-quarters of adults aged 65 years and older stated that they were definitely or probably going to be vaccinated, compared with 55 percent of those under 30.
Those with higher family incomes, adjusted for cost of living and household size, were more likely than those with medium or lower incomes to say that they would be vaccinated.
As a preliminary analysis, the research results come from two separate clinical studies in which vaccines have been produced that are over 90 percent effective.
It is expected that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration will make decisions on the emergency approval of these vaccines in the coming weeks.