Sodium is a mineral that the human body urgently needs. Salt plays an important role in the healthy functioning of nerves and muscles. It also helps to keep the body’s fluid balance in the right balance.
If you ingest too much salt, it damages the health of the heart, emphasizes cardiologist Luke Laffin from the renowned Cleveland Clinic (USA). But how much salt is too much and how can the intake of salt be reduced?
Too much salt can damage the heart. Unfortunately, however, many people consume foods with too much salt – often without being aware of it. Therefore, here are some tips on the subject of salt and its effects on heart health.
How salt promotes heart attacks
When does salt become unhealthy?
Too much sodium can lead to fluid retention, which can increase blood pressure. High blood pressure is in turn an important risk factor for heart attacks, strokes and heart failure, the researchers report. Therefore, especially people with high blood pressure or heart disease should pay attention to their salt intake.
The WHO recommends a salt intake of less than five grams a day, which is about a teaspoonful of salt. However, for most people in Europe, the daily salt intake is about eight to eleven grams.
The human body needs salt
“Almost everyone with high blood pressure should follow a low-sodium diet,” emphasizes Dr. Luke Laffin in a Cleveland Clinic press release. This means limiting the daily sodium content to a maximum of 2,300 mg. If you can reduce your sodium intake to less than 1,500 mg per day when you have high blood pressure, that is even better, the expert continues.
A daily sodium intake of 2,300 milligrams (2.3 grams) should not be exceeded in cases of high blood pressure, the researchers advise. If you exceed this value, you will have further problems with your blood pressure, the researchers warn.
People with heart failure should also follow a low-sodium diet. Too much salt can cause fluid to build up around the heart and lungs, causing the heart to work harder. There is evidence that a limit of 2,000 mg of sodium per day is a good value for people with heart failure, especially if they also suffer from high blood pressure, the researchers explain.
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However, there is one important caveat. Some of the data suggest that very low sodium levels can also lead to worse results in people with heart failure. Dr. Laffin advises that people with heart failure should consult their physician regarding sodium intake.
WashingtonNewsday Health and Wellness.