People with diabetes should pay special attention to their oral hygiene. Because certain concomitant symptoms of their disease make their teeth and gums more vulnerable.
According to experts, more than seven million people in Germany are being treated for diabetes mellitus type I or II, and the trend is rising. The disease also has an impact on dental health. Diabetics have a higher risk of periodontitis and caries.
Diabetics have a higher risk of tooth decay. This is due to the increased sugar content in their saliva, explains dentist Stefan Zimmer. Certain caries bacteria could multiply more easily as a result. In addition, there is often too little calcium in the saliva of diabetics, which makes it difficult to remineralize the teeth. The consequence: acids could attack the tooth enamel more easily.
Too little calcium in saliva
An increased blood sugar level can also lead to a dry mouth – which also plays into the cards for the bacteria, according to the spokesman for the Informationsstelle für Kariesprophylaxe in Frankfurt am Main. Saliva flow helps to rinse away food residues and bacterial plaque. So little saliva is bad.
According to Zimmer, long-term blood sugar levels that are too high in turn promote inflammation and thus the development of periodontitis. Diabetics should put therefore not only value on a thorough daily dental hygiene, but also adjust their blood sugar optimally. Bad breath and gum bleeding as first signs of a Parodontitis should take it seriously and let clarify fast medically.
Because there is also an interaction, to which Zimmer points out: Parodontitis has a negative effect on the blood sugar level and thus diabetes. The German Diabetes Society once called periodontitis and diabetes a “dangerous duo”. (ad; source: dpa/tmn)
Oral hygiene especially important in diabetes
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