The nose runs, the throat scratches, the cough plagues – colds (flu-like infections) are usually harmless, but annoying: You are not really sick, but not really fit either. And usually the whole thing takes longer than you would like.
When it gets colder again, the cold season starts. Viruses cause rhinitis, sore throat and sometimes cough and fever. And then many have the worry: Is it Corona after all?
Cold, sore throat, cough: In the autumn and winter months many people catch a cold. Some then quickly take medication to combat the symptoms. But almost all medicines also have undesirable side effects. Simple household remedies are often more recommendable.
Cold season: What helps with flu-like infections
But what helps against a cold? And when should one go to the doctor? Experts explain how to get through this corona-related special cold season.
These viruses cause the mucous membranes in the nose to swell and increase the amount of secretion “accumulating”, as Prof. Thomas Deitmer, Secretary General of the German Society for Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery (DGHNO-KHC) explains.
A special cold season
Actually, the term cold is misleading, because it is not caused by low temperatures, but by viruses. There are about 200 different cold viruses, which can only spread more easily in the cold.
The throat is inflamed when you have a cold and it is harder to swallow. The larynx and bronchi are also affected: One is hoarse, has a cough and also here more secretion is produced.
The answer is sobering: none at all. “There is no causal therapy, you can only do something about the symptoms,” says Deitmer.
Especially when a cold comes, people often take combined preparations – i.e. medications that are supposed to help against several symptoms. There are also a whole range of herbal medicines.
Decongestant nasal drops for colds, mucolytic agents for coughs and drugs with the active ingredients paracetamol, ibuprofen or acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) for fever and pain.
Drink, drink, drink. At least 1.5 liters a day, more if you have a fever. Otherwise Thomas Deitmer advises gargling, for example with sage tea, and nasal rinsing. Ginger tea is also considered a natural household remedy for colds.
However, many medical remedies have side effects, which is why experts often recommend home remedies.
WashingtonNewsday Health and Wellness.