For years Libya has been sinking into chaos between rival camps. Now military representatives in Geneva have taken a step towards peace. The Turkish president is skeptical about the reliability of the agreement.
The conflicting parties in Libya’s civil war have agreed to a ceasefire. This was said by the acting UN envoy for Libya, Stephanie Williams, on Wednesday immediately after the signing of an agreement in Geneva. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan reacted with skepticism to the ceasefire agreement in Libya.
Military representatives of Prime Minister Fayez al-Sarradsch and warlord Khalifa Haftar had been in Geneva since Monday to prepare political talks on Libya’s future. They are to begin in Tunisia in November. Five military representatives from each side participated in the Geneva talks. The format was agreed upon at the Berlin Libya Conference in January.
It was not very likely that the agreement would be reliable, President Erdoğan commented in Istanbul on Friday. One of the reasons he gave for his assessment was that the agreement was not reached at the highest level, but by representatives of Libyan Prime Minister Fayez al-Sarradsch and the warlord Haftar.
The negotiators had already agreed on modalities for oil production in the past days in order to be able to expand production again. There was also an agreement to open roads and air connections between the regions. They also want to take action against people who spread hate speech on social media and fuel conflicts.
Williams had condemned the presence of foreign militiamen. “The level of foreign intervention is unacceptable,” she said, “these countries must keep their hands off Libya. Earlier this week, she had stressed that foreign fighters must leave the country within 90 days under UN supervision, once a cease-fire has been reached. Egypt, the United Arab Emirates and Russia are among Warlord Haftar’s main supporters. Among his ranks are mercenaries of the private Russian security and military company “Wagner”.
A civil war has been raging in the North African country since the fall of the long-time ruler Muammar al-Gaddafi in 2011, which was carried out with Western help. Haftar, who is militarily supported by Egypt, Russia and the United Arab Emirates, recently attempted to overthrow the internationally recognized Sarajevo government based in the capital Tripoli.
TRT German and agencies.